Indian Railways consumes 2% of the country’s electricity, and was traditionally heavily reliant on fossil fuels. The Indian Railways Solar Mission plans to overhaul this by installing 1,000 MW of solar power generation capacity by 2020. Public-private partnerships will enable developers to utilise rooftops and spare land for the installation of photovoltaics, with the electricity generated being sold back to the Railways.
The Pakistan province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa undertook an ambitious project to promote sustainable forestry management for climate change mitigation, protection of biodiversity, and green growth and jobs. More than 1 billion trees have been planted or protected. By setting up a public-private partnership with local farmers, the project successfully built large networks of nurseries, plantations and enclosures. The necessary human resources capacity building for such an ambitious project was ensured byproviding tailored training to over 7500 farmers and local forestry staff.
The challenge of securing food for a rapidly growing and urbanised population puts a strain on water resources, land use & agriculture. The Green Food from Green Roofs programme aimed to stimulate urban agriculture in Cairo (Egypt), the largest city in the Mediterranean region, by showing the potential for rooftop gardening. Through pilot projects, and by raising consumer awareness and providing support (advise/consultancy) to locals, the project showed how fresh and healthy food can be grown very efficiently in urban areas, saving water, energy and land.
In South Africa, the recycling rate for vehicle tyres increased from 4% to 60% in the space of 3 years after the implementation of a new waste management plan. A new circular economy strategy was developed, whereby used tyres were collected from dealers, brought to dedicated depots, and then transported to processing plants for recycling. All activities were funded by introducing a tax instrument that placed a levy on all new tyres.
The government of Thailand has embraced energy conservation as a cost effective way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the country, while also strengthening energy security. A complementary set of policies have been implemented, setting standards for industry and incentivising energy efficient projects across society. Financed through a sales tax on petroleum products, the programme has been a great success, significantly reducing peak demand in the country.
By setting up synergies between water, energy and food policies, actions were taken to optimise resource use in schools in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Implementing an Urban NEXUS approach, actors from ICLEI and GIZ brought together a wide range of local stakeholders to achieve consensus on the actions to be taken. The results show the importance of recognising the linkages between water, energy and food, and the benefits that can be achieved through collaboration in these areas.
The Gujarat Grassroots Innovations Augmentation Network in India is providing tailored training and support to rural innovators to help them commercialise their grassroots technologies. This has resulted in a number of promising technologies which may otherwise have been lost to the wider world being further developed and transferred to other users.
Metro Vancouver developed a Regional Food System Strategy (RFFS), with the aim of developing a sustainable, resilient and healthy food system. By setting up a public-private partnership and setting up synergies between the individual local governments, the RFFS aims to deliver benefit for residents, support to business and protection of the natural environment. This holistic approach considers the role of stakeholders across the entire food system.
In order to promote the commercialisation of environmental technologies, KEITI - the Korean Environmental Industry & Technology Institute – provides a range of support services, including debt funding and innovation and business consulting, to eco-innovative SMEs in South Korea. Additionally, KEITI looks to build demand for eco-friendly or low-carbon products in Korea through a series of activities raising consumer awareness.
To accelerate rural electrification in Cambodia, the ASEM Inclusive Eco-Innovation Programme is providing tailored training in solar power technologies to foster the creation of eco-innovate SMEs. By also promoting market intelligence amongst producers, and raising consumer awareness of these solutions, the programme aims to create a sustainable solar market from nothing, bringing economic, environmental and social benefits to local communities.
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