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Prevention and management of household waste in Flanders, Belgium

The Flemish region of Flanders, Belgium has become the vanguard of waste management in Europe. It boasts the highest waste diversion rate in Europe as almost three-fourths of the residential waste produced in the region is reused, recycled, or composted. Additionally, the region has successfully managed to stabilise waste generation. 

Landfill taxes – Dedicated green taxes to reduce waste sent to landfill

Landfill taxes are already widely spread fiscal measures across Europe. They help reduce the amount of waste sent to landfill and mitigate harmful environmental effects. Additionally, landfill taxes provide incentives to use more sustainable solutions of waste management, such as waste reduction and prevention, recovery or recycling. The instrument can bring about large tax revenues and lead to a significant decrease in the number of landfill sites a country has – for instance in the UK by two thirds in eight years.

Advanced sorting techniques for construction and demolition waste

The combination of near infrared detector, electromagnetic sensor and visible colour camera techniques allows to sort construction and demolition (C&D) waste with a level of purity that enables their recycling into high grade products.

A wood plastic composite with up to 95% recycled materials

Construction waste presents a high potential for recovery but few solutions are available today. Addressing this challenge, a finish company relied on its innovative conical extrusion process to develop a multilayer extrusion profile made of Wood Plastic Composite (WPC). This WPC can contain up to 95% recycled materials including Construction & Demolition waste. 

ALOIS: Innovative information system aiming at recycling and re-using soil, demolition waste and construction materials.

The ALOIS tool is an efficient, up-to-date, cost saving, and interactive information system, which connects companies which are offering and seeking soil, demolition waste and construction materials. By supporting a circular economy, material cycles are closed and landfill is no longer necessary.

C2CA

Construction and demolition waste (C&DW) are often used as road foundation material as recycling into new building products requires materials of high and consistent quality. For instance, end of life (EoL) concrete from C&DW can be used for making new concrete provided that clean aggregates are produced using advanced processes to separate them into pure fractions. This requires a sophisticated method to classify the particles of different sizes correctly. At present, there are a few techniques available for concrete recycling, but being very energy intensive they cannot be considered as damage-reducing techniques or competitive in economic and environmental terms.