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Optimising industrial production by using data from machines and sensing devices

The KAP approach (Knowledge – Awareness – Prediction). KAP (Knowledge of past performance and Awareness of the present state, enabling the Prediction of future outcomes) aims at providing manufacturing standards in an holistic approach for achieving energy efficiency in industry. To this end, KAP focussed on defining production indicators that included sustainability criteria and energy efficiency.

RFID technology improves the forestry value chain

Using RFID technology to keep track of different characteristics of incoming logs in sawmills will reduce the amount of processing waste and reduce workload.  As raw material is a big share of operating costs of sawmills, the new RFID system can help improve process efficiency.

EELIAD

The “European Eel Investigation and Assessment of their Decline” project (or EELIAD), funded under the seventh framework programme (FP7) which is a grant funding programme, provides scientific knowledge to allow the recovery of European eel populations. The initiative is characterised by scientific collaboration and the deployment of networking activities to establish a network of excellence throughout Europe. It aims to increase the understanding of the behaviour, biology and ecology of eels, particularly by bringing together numerous external (i.e. environmental) and internal (i.e. biological) factors that may influence their migration. To reach this goal, large-scale monitoring and sensing technologies, such as automatized and remote sensing devices supported by numerical models, are being used.

FIEMSER

Among the challenges related to matching the global increasing energy demand, there are resource deficiency and emissions of greenhouse gases. Two common responses to meet these challenges consist of introducing measures to decrease the energy consumption or choosing more sustainable energy sources. This dual approach can be found in the project FIEMSER (Friendly Intelligent Energy Management System for Existing Residential Buildings), where the development of a ground-breaking energy management system for buildings (BEMS) is currently taking place. The project is funded under the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Commission (FP7), a grant funding programme, running for three years and coming to an end in 2013. 

CARBOEUROPE-IP

Global warming has been proved to be related to an important alteration of the greenhouse gas balance, which in turn is linked to our big dependence on fossil fuels, the increasing industrialisation and a non-sustainable land use.

TIBUCON

Towards Integral BUilding CONnectivity, TIBUCON project, aims at eco-designing a sensing network and a software tool responsible for managing Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems in order to improve buildings energy efficiency, environmental impact and comfort.

Be Aware | Watt-Lite Twist

Several research studies have strongly suggested that people are willing and capable of adapting their behaviour in an energy-saving direction if given the necessary feedback, support, and incentives. The project BeAware aims to foster and inspire the creation of new products and services turning householders into active players in energy and raising energy awareness. 

CARBOAFRICA

Africa is severally affected by the consequences of climate change: floods and droughts are being more and more frequent due to global warming. However,
climate change monitoring has been poorly developed in Africa. The effect of African changes on global climate change is not known, nor is the influence of African processes for GHG source and depletion on the global carbon cycle. In addition, in the context of the Kyoto Protocol the ignorance about the composition of the total African gas emissions (gas budget) prevents from quantifying the potential carbon sequestration in Sub-Saharan Africa.

CARBOCHANGE

Absorbing large amounts of atmospheric CO2, the oceans are large and important buffering zones in the Earth system. A correct quantification of the present uptake is not only vital to map the current patterns, but also to ensure relevant estimates of how large the future marine uptake of CO2 will be and how these patterns will change. The needs for relevant data have been noted by the European Commission, funding two subsequent projects on the subject of marine carbon uptake coordinated by the University of Bergen in Norway.

ECODIS

The Stirred Underwater Biouptake System (SUBS) is a submersible sensing device using an in-situ bio-sensing technology for assessing the health or the toxicological status of fresh and salt water ecosystems.

WATERPIPE

The need to identify leakages in the water pipeline infrastructure is vital in the field of water cycle monitoring. Leakages in water pipes could imply a large loss of drinking water and is also a possible threat to our health; when water pressure in the damaged pipes drops, surrounding water is allowed to enter the pipes. Managing these leakages is therefore a high priority, especially since rehabilitation of damaged pipe systems can cut the costs with 30 to 70 % compared to replacing them.  However, rehabilitation must start with identifying the problem, which in this particular case means finding leakages and cracks in the water pipes.   As the traditional damage-reducing techniques and equipment for obtaining information of underground media has proven to be insufficient, a new technology for inspection and evaluation of water pipe conditions has been the aim for the project WATERPIPE.

NEAREST

Since the devastating Asian tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004, the interest in systematic studies of the Mediterranean tsunami situation and related damage-reducing techniques has been growing.  Tsunamis in the Mediterranean Sea are not as frequent as those in the Pacific or Indian Oceans, but have nevertheless historically caused severe damage and loss of lives. In the NEAREST project (Integrated observations from NEAR shore sourcES of Tsunamis: towards an early warning system), the complex situation of near-shore tsunamis has been thoroughly analysed by experts from ten scientific institutions and one company. The project was funded by the European Union Sixth Framework Programme (FP6), a grant funding programme, and coordinated by the Institute of Marine Sciences in Italy.

SENSORGAN

Based on the need to find measures to protect historical organs, the SENSORGAN project (Sensor system for detection of harmful environments for pipe organs) has developed an automatized and remote sensing system. Church organs are large and complex pieces containing several different types of materials. Various types of wood, leather, brass, iron and pipe metals put together a sensitive combination when it comes to changes in the indoor environment. Each of the organ parts responds differently to a change in the indoor climate of the church and under certain microclimatic conditions, the organ parts will be harmed and it might be unplayable.

C2CA

Construction and demolition waste (C&DW) are often used as road foundation material as recycling into new building products requires materials of high and consistent quality. For instance, end of life (EoL) concrete from C&DW can be used for making new concrete provided that clean aggregates are produced using advanced processes to separate them into pure fractions. This requires a sophisticated method to classify the particles of different sizes correctly. At present, there are a few techniques available for concrete recycling, but being very energy intensive they cannot be considered as damage-reducing techniques or competitive in economic and environmental terms.

HYPOX

Within the EU-FP7 project HYPOX, 16 European institutions have studied oxygen depletion (hypoxia) causes and consequences have been monitored in a broad range of aquatic systems that differ in oxygen status and sensitivity towards change. The obtained marine environment monitoring results have been combined with information on past hypoxia and state-of-the-art numerical modelling to predict future hypoxia and its effect on aquatic ecosystems, generating a valuable know-how for taking suitable decisions on appropriate oxygen monitoring efforts in the future.

VIT-KIT

VIT kit stands for Vermicon Identification Technology kit. It consists of in situ bio sensing probes which look for specific bacteria. These kits can easily be deployed on site for water cycle monitoring. They are provided by vermicon (Germany).

NOVAC

Volcanic gas emissions, together with geology related data such as seismic activity, are important indicators in the volcanic risk assessment procedure for natural disaster management. In the project Network for Observation of Volcanic and Atmospheric Change – NOVAC, a global metrology network of stations for measurements of gas emissions and air pollution monitoring from volcanoes was established.

FLOW-AID

By far, the largest demand for the world's water comes from agriculture, as more than two-thirds of the water withdrawn from the earth's rivers, lakes and aquifers is used for irrigation. A declining supply of water and a decrease in water quality are two of the main problems faced by the agricultural sector today, placing enormous pressure on agricultural policy-makers and farmers. 

W2Plastics

A polyolefin is a polymer produced from a simple alkene, and belongs to the largest group of thermoplastics. The term polyolefin means “oil-like”, referring to the oily or waxy feel of the material. They are mostly used in consumer goods, structural plastics, food packaging and industrial products and more than 30 % of the plastic consumed in Europe consists of polyolefin. However, producing new polyolefin is remarkably resource-demanding, as the manufacturing process of 1 kg polyolefin requires around 2 kg of oil. Due to technological shortcomings in the fields of technical waste treatment and plastics separation treatment, there is no way to produce high-quality secondary raw plastics material from complex waste at a reasonable cost. Today, polyolefin recyclers focus mainly on the relatively pure post industrial waste, since these wastes can be made into high-purity product materials by existing and cost-effective process technology. 

SATURN

The SATURN project (Sensor-sorting Automated Technology for Advanced recovery of non-ferrous metals) puts forward an innovative and automatic sensing process that enables the purification of non-ferrous metals, which have been extracted from municipal solid waste. Moreover, the on-line sensing and sorting device is able to differentiate between various metals and alloys.

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