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The Mid-West Regional Planning Guidelines (RPGs) for systemic regional development

The Mid-West Regional Planning Guidelines (RPGs) are a policy framework by the Mid-West Regional Authority in Ireland, aiming to foster holistic regional development based on sustainability criteria (i.e. environmental, economic and social) criteria. The RPGs include a methodology for evidence-based policy making and consensus on decisions around potentially conflicting issues, such as land use and agriculture, urban infrastructure (water, electricity, etc), transportation routes and so on. 

ARCRISK

The Arctic has characteristic conditions for analyzing climate change and pollution effects. The area is relatively clean, but it receives long-range transported contaminants from long distances, primarily in the northern hemisphere. Furthermore, low temperatures alter common pollutant transportation mechanisms; for example, air pollutants can be deposited on ice through snow and retained for years until melting. The Arctic also has unique food chains; many species gather fat reserves for energy storage and insulation where pollutants are accumulated. The singular diet of autochthonous populations is based in these species and, as a consequence, Arctic populations suffer an inimitable situation: they live in relatively clean environments, but are strongly exposed to pollutants impact. 

CLIMSAVE

The CLIMSAVE project delivered a user-friendly, interactive web-based software tool that allows climate change impacts and vulnerabilities to be assessed for a number of sectors (agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, water, coasts and urban) under a wide range of climate and socio-economic scenarios. The tool also enables stakeholders to explore adaptation strategies for reducing climate change vulnerability, discovering where, when and under what circumstances such actions may help. 

CARBOEUROPE-IP

Global warming has been proved to be related to an important alteration of the greenhouse gas balance, which in turn is linked to our big dependence on fossil fuels, the increasing industrialisation and a non-sustainable land use.

UncertWeb

The UncertWeb project, aims at managing the propagation of uncertainty, when integrating multiple resources, mainly models or data that are exposed as web services, into complex model workflows.

CARBOAFRICA

Africa is severally affected by the consequences of climate change: floods and droughts are being more and more frequent due to global warming. However,
climate change monitoring has been poorly developed in Africa. The effect of African changes on global climate change is not known, nor is the influence of African processes for GHG source and depletion on the global carbon cycle. In addition, in the context of the Kyoto Protocol the ignorance about the composition of the total African gas emissions (gas budget) prevents from quantifying the potential carbon sequestration in Sub-Saharan Africa.

CARBOCHANGE

Absorbing large amounts of atmospheric CO2, the oceans are large and important buffering zones in the Earth system. A correct quantification of the present uptake is not only vital to map the current patterns, but also to ensure relevant estimates of how large the future marine uptake of CO2 will be and how these patterns will change. The needs for relevant data have been noted by the European Commission, funding two subsequent projects on the subject of marine carbon uptake coordinated by the University of Bergen in Norway.

ENVIROGRIDS

ENVIROGRIDS aims at collecting and gathering spread data concerning the Black Sea catchment area as well as building a network of information and observation systems to address environmental and societal benefit aspects within a changing climate, demographic and land use framework.

NOVAC

Volcanic gas emissions, together with geology related data such as seismic activity, are important indicators in the volcanic risk assessment procedure for natural disaster management. In the project Network for Observation of Volcanic and Atmospheric Change – NOVAC, a global metrology network of stations for measurements of gas emissions and air pollution monitoring from volcanoes was established.

MACIS

According to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the European Union (EU) committed itself “to achieve by 2010 a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional and national level”. In this context, the Minimisation of and Adaptation to Climate Impacts on biodiverSity project (MACIS) aimed to provide a data analysing approach which linked climate change monitoring and biodiversity monitoring at the European level. This project was funded by the European Commission under the Sixth Framework Programme (FP 6), a grant funding programme.