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Green growth triggered by Environmental Science and Technology Parks in Taiwan

To sustain its industrial growth and in line with the environmental trend of the world, Taiwan has been actively constructing and integrating Environmental Science and Technology Parks (ESTPs), expected to trigger the growth of green industry, initiate a recycle-based society and develop a globe-oriented environmental market. 

Trash Per-bag Fee Collection Policy

The annual disposal fee necessary for waste management in Taiwan is roughly 95 million Euro. To decrease these costs and solve the related environmental problem, the Taipei City Government has adopted a "Trash Per-bag Fee Collection Policy" in July 2000, targeting strong waste reduction through the charging of trash collection fees per volume of waste.

Motiva Group: a state-owned specialist in energy and material efficiency

Motiva Group is an expert company owned by the Finnish state promoting efficient and sustainable use of energy and materials. It offers energy auditing and counselling on energy efficiency agreements, material efficiency, renewable energy and international cooperation for various stakeholders such as industry and SMEs, the public sector, schools and private households.

Marketable sludge derivatives from sustainable processing of wastewater

END-O-SLUDG has provided a holistic approach for sludge treatment and recovery. The project has developed:

Optimising industrial production by using data from machines and sensing devices

The KAP approach (Knowledge – Awareness – Prediction). KAP (Knowledge of past performance and Awareness of the present state, enabling the Prediction of future outcomes) aims at providing manufacturing standards in an holistic approach for achieving energy efficiency in industry. To this end, KAP focussed on defining production indicators that included sustainability criteria and energy efficiency.

Regular supply of biofuel for aircraft

Using biofuels in aviation is now possible. Karlstad Airport has a new refueling station for jet fuel, which will contribute to reducing the environmental impact from aircrafts.

Flexible loan bike system for urban citizens without stations

OPENbike is a concept for managing a renting bike system. It uses a software tool to handle an IT-system coupled with the bikes, making it easier to find them in the city. The concept was the winner of a design competition in Copenhagen (Denmark), arranged in order to develop a smarter way for people to travel around the city.

NUVVE- Cars as battery for the grid

Linking electric vehicles to the grid is a new way of reducing emissions and at the same time generating revenue for Electric Vehicle (EV) owners. By connecting electric vehicles to a grid operator, excess energy can be sold to the grid, making a profit for the owner and a more sustainable transport.

System for improved energy performance and indoor environment in buildings

A quality assurance (QA) system is an important tool for all building owners to use when retrofitting multi-story houses with the aim to improve the indoor environment and energy performance. The QA system enables an organization to retrofit and manage multiple requirements across across the retrofitting process of a large number of dwellings in a systematic and controlled way.

Wood Hybrid Building System up to 30 stories

Building and constructing in a sustainable way is becoming more vital given a growing global population and environmental challenges. The company Cree has developed a hybrid timber construction system for reducing resources, time and money when building new public buildings, offices, hotels, restaurants etc. This is achieved by building with wood and a modular construction.

Global Alliance of Waste Pickers

The Global Alliance of Waste Pickers supports thousands of waste picker organisations covering mainly Latin America, Asia and Africa.[1] Its goals are raising awareness and providing support in an area which is often forgotten in resources discussions: municipal solid waste treatment in poorer countries.

BRAHMATWINN

The BRAHMATWINN project has helped to fine-tune the Integrated Land Management System (ILMS) toolset that provides a software platform for implementing the EU recommended DPSIR methodology used for Integrated Land Water Resource Management (ILWRM). The combination of the methodology and the toolset allows data analysing and assessing the impact of Land Use and Climate changes on a river basin what ultimately provides the means for better managing and strategic planning of land use and water resources.

 

INTARESE

In recent years, awareness of the potential for environmental impacts on human health has increased considerably, as large, multi-causal, multi-sectoral and multi-scale issues such as climate change have emerged. This has complicated assessment of sustainable living achievement.

HighNoon | Indicator framework tool

In the Himalayan region, several countries and their hydrological system are affected by climate change. Northern India is one of the regions that rely on the summer monsoon and glacier snow melt for their water resources. Climate change triggers the retreat of Himalayan glaciers and possible changes of the Indian monsoon, thereby impacting the distribution of water. Hence, northern India needs damage-reducing techniques to adapt to the effects of climate change on its hydrological system.

ARCRISK

The Arctic has characteristic conditions for analyzing climate change and pollution effects. The area is relatively clean, but it receives long-range transported contaminants from long distances, primarily in the northern hemisphere. Furthermore, low temperatures alter common pollutant transportation mechanisms; for example, air pollutants can be deposited on ice through snow and retained for years until melting. The Arctic also has unique food chains; many species gather fat reserves for energy storage and insulation where pollutants are accumulated. The singular diet of autochthonous populations is based in these species and, as a consequence, Arctic populations suffer an inimitable situation: they live in relatively clean environments, but are strongly exposed to pollutants impact. 

HighNoon

It is now well established that climate change will deeply affect both ecosystems and hydrological systems, especially in the Himalayan region. Overall, snow and ice from the Himalayan glaciers will melt faster than it accumulates and surrounding countries (e.g. India) will be impacted socially, economically and ecologically. Climate change is expected to have both short and long term effects on the hydrological system. In the short term, discharge of mountain rivers is projected to increase due to the additional melting of snow and glaciers of the Himalayas. In the long term, with glaciers  declining, there will be a reduced amount of water flowing into rivers. Runoff variability will increase and reflect precipitation variability. Northern Indiais highly dependent on summer monsoons and glacier snowmelt for its water resources. This region needs damage-reducing techniques such as efficient and relevant adaptation measures and response strategies in order to cope with the changing patterns of water resources availability.

POLICYMIX

A study was initiated in 2007, following a meeting of the environment ministries of the G8 countries. This study has intended to raise awareness of the value of biodiversity and ecosystem services and to facilitate the development of cost-effective policy responses and better informed decisions: 'The Economics of Ecosystems & Biodiversity’ (TEEB) is globally evaluating the costs of the loss of biodiversity and the associated decline in ecosystem services, and comparing them with the costs of effective conservation and sustainable use. 

2-FUN PBK

Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modelling tools correlate environmental contamination threats with effects on the human health in order to make complex assessments of sustainable living achievement. PBPK models are a way to mathematically transcribe the anatomical, physiological, physical, and chemical descriptions of the occurrences involved in the complex processes of absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of synthetic or natural chemical substances in humans and other animal species. This mathematical technique is conventionally used in pharmaceutical research drug development and health risk assessment. The obtained models are used for managing disparate data from experiments, abstracting and combining them. By using existing information on the anatomical and physiological structure of the body, (and to a certain extent, on biochemistry) the models give access to internal body concentrations of chemicals or their metabolites. PBPK models are used to show the effects from exposure to a substance in those cases linear dose-response models cannot be used, due to variations in absorption, distribution, metabolism etc. between individuals. 

2-FUN Multimedia Modelling

2-FUN was an integrated project running from February 2007 to January 2011, funded under the EU sixth framework programme (FP6) a grant funding programme, focusing on health issues related to environmental conditions and pressures. Gathering 12 project partners coordinated by the Institut National de l’Environnement Industriel et des Risques in France, the project team used a multidisciplinary approach with a number of networking activities engaging experts from various research fields.

2-FUN

2-FUN was an integrated project running from February 2007 to January 2011, funded under the EU sixth framework programme (FP6) a grant funding programme,focusing on health issues related to environmental conditions and pressures. Gathering 12 project partners coordinated by the Institut National de l’Environnement Industriel et des Risques in France, the project team used a multidisciplinary networking approach engaging a number of chemists, toxicologists, doctors, veterinaries, mathematicians and many more types of experts. Two related projects funded under the same framework programme are INTARESE and HEIMTSA. The first project focused on framework and guidance; the second on integrated assessment using epidemiological data. This project focused on indirect exposures and toxicological risk assessment from a conventional approach based on laboratory animal data. All three project developed methods and cutting-edge tools to help decision-makers define their priorities in environmental health management. These three projects have significantly advanced the research frontier within the field of integrated health risk assessment.

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