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Underground waste transportation system for residual waste, paper and food waste

The high-tech waste sorting and transportation system in Hammarby Sjöstad eco-city in Sweden reduces the need for waste trucks to enter the city while increasing the efficiency of waste separating. An innovative vacuum suction system transports waste fractions to the city perimeter via a series of underground tunnels. 

Returpack ‘Reverse Vending Machine’ incentivises aluminium and plastic recycling

To simplify and incentivise aluminium and plastics recycling in Hungary, recycling company Returpack devised a ‘Reverse Vending Machine’. The standalone machine, which is placed in public places, offers incentive vouchers to citizens in return for their cans and bottles. 

SEPARATE: Quality products from waste through efficient waste separation

The SEPARATE Waste System integrates innovative technologies that enable the highly efficient separation of waste, overcoming a significant barrier to increasing bio-waste recycling. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), separately collected bio-waste and mono-streams can all be efficiently separated into a non-organic rest fraction and a very clean organic fraction, from which a number of high-quality products can be obtained.

EcoFan Air Filter, Taiwan

For past few years, air pollutant has been a big challenge for urban cities due to its direct effect on both human health and the environment. A novel device called EcoFan Air Filter is proposed to help diminish such a deadly crisis.

Waste water management in TSMC, Taiwan

Making good use of water resource is of paramount importance for any industry. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), the world leading wafer foundry, began to work on waste water recycling in 1995, and has developed a brand new waste water recycling system.  The rate of recycled waste water can now reach nearly 90%, which is an unmatched level. 

Trash Per-bag Fee Collection Policy

The annual disposal fee necessary for waste management in Taiwan is roughly 95 million Euro. To decrease these costs and solve the related environmental problem, the Taipei City Government has adopted a "Trash Per-bag Fee Collection Policy" in July 2000, targeting strong waste reduction through the charging of trash collection fees per volume of waste.

Responsible waste management in Lahti region

Citizens of the Lahti region have been educated for over 20 years on how to separate the waste they generate in their homes. This enables the collection of so called “energy waste”, which includes energy containing materials such as plastics that can be used to produce fuel for combined heat and power production. This has in turn has raised the waste utilisation rate to over 94% in the region.

Prevention and management of household waste in Flanders, Belgium

The Flemish region of Flanders, Belgium has become the vanguard of waste management in Europe. It boasts the highest waste diversion rate in Europe as almost three-fourths of the residential waste produced in the region is reused, recycled, or composted. Additionally, the region has successfully managed to stabilise waste generation. 

Advanced sorting techniques for construction and demolition waste

The combination of near infrared detector, electromagnetic sensor and visible colour camera techniques allows to sort construction and demolition (C&D) waste with a level of purity that enables their recycling into high grade products.

TyGRE

In recent years, the quantity of Solid Waste collecting has increased significantly in the EU and other industrialized countries. The problem of managing waste strongly affects not only the environment protection but also resource savings. The storing of waste tyres represents a problem within the waste management strategy of the European Community: the world production amounts to 7 million tons (according to the European Tyre Recycling Association, Report 2008), of which 3 million are generated in Europe which corresponds to 2% of the total solid waste production. Even today the final destination of nearly 23% of such an amount is the landfill, with the consequent loss of high added value materials and the adverse environmental impact.

FRIT-REC

FRIT-REC project aims at eco-designing the manufacturing process of frits and enamels. During the production of frits and enamels, micronized fluoride lime (MFL) by-product can be generated. The project allows producing high-value MFL by-product that can be used as raw material in the production of new frits and enamels.

C2CA

Construction and demolition waste (C&DW) are often used as road foundation material as recycling into new building products requires materials of high and consistent quality. For instance, end of life (EoL) concrete from C&DW can be used for making new concrete provided that clean aggregates are produced using advanced processes to separate them into pure fractions. This requires a sophisticated method to classify the particles of different sizes correctly. At present, there are a few techniques available for concrete recycling, but being very energy intensive they cannot be considered as damage-reducing techniques or competitive in economic and environmental terms.

Ozone-AOP (Xyleminc)

AQUAFIT4USE is a large-scale project funded under the 7th Framework Programme
(FP7), a grant funding programme of the European Commission which aims to make industries more independent of the supply of water for their production processes. The initiative aims to develop new technologies, tools and methods as well as to apply new combinations of existing technologies for sustainable water supply, use and discharge in the main water consuming industries: in other words “water fit-for-(re)use”. These new techniques encompass innovative technologies or applied technologies dealing with water looping in the four following industries: paper, food, chemistry and textile.

NUMIX

In 2010, 10.4 million tonnes of plastic waste were put on landfills in EU member states, but there were only a few damage-reducing techniques available to decrease this quantity. Recycling of plastics is one way of altering the material flow and an important element in municipal solid waste treatment, also applicable to waste from industry, craftsmen or commercial actors. After collecting and sorting the plastic waste, separating and recycling the different types of plastic will typically result in the production of new plastic products. 

DENUTRITOR

DENUTRITOR is a bio filtrating device which reduces biofouling in water systems by removing compounds that cause the growth of microbial populations. This biofilter has been developed within the AQUAFIT4USE  large-scale project. This pan-European initiative, funded under the 7th Framework Programme (FP7), a grant funding programme, aims to make industries more independent of the supply of water for their production processes. New technologies, tools and methods for sustainable water supply, use and discharge in the main water consuming industries, i.e. “water fit-for-(re)use”, have been developed.

W2Plastics

A polyolefin is a polymer produced from a simple alkene, and belongs to the largest group of thermoplastics. The term polyolefin means “oil-like”, referring to the oily or waxy feel of the material. They are mostly used in consumer goods, structural plastics, food packaging and industrial products and more than 30 % of the plastic consumed in Europe consists of polyolefin. However, producing new polyolefin is remarkably resource-demanding, as the manufacturing process of 1 kg polyolefin requires around 2 kg of oil. Due to technological shortcomings in the fields of technical waste treatment and plastics separation treatment, there is no way to produce high-quality secondary raw plastics material from complex waste at a reasonable cost. Today, polyolefin recyclers focus mainly on the relatively pure post industrial waste, since these wastes can be made into high-purity product materials by existing and cost-effective process technology. 

ACE

Old tyres follow the general EU hierarchy for waste, where the least favoured option is disposal, followed by energy recovery. More preferable is recycling, reusing and reducing the waste and the best option is prevention. However, statistics show that the reality of old tyres doesn’t follow the preferred solution. In the EU, we are currently using approximately 50 % of the collected old tyres as a substitution to other materials in roads, football fields and top layers of landfills; incinerating or disposing the other 50 %. Putting recycled rubber from tyres to use in other products instead of producing new rubber has proven to be 45 times more carbon-efficient. Thus, a widely-used method for recycling the rubber from the more than 3 million old tyres that are generated in the EU every year would not only give a more sustainable management of rubber, it would also have a positive impact on the climate. 

SATURN

The SATURN project (Sensor-sorting Automated Technology for Advanced recovery of non-ferrous metals) puts forward an innovative and automatic sensing process that enables the purification of non-ferrous metals, which have been extracted from municipal solid waste. Moreover, the on-line sensing and sorting device is able to differentiate between various metals and alloys.

CAPS

The technology that has been developed within the CAPS project (funded under CIP programme, a grant funding programme) should allow the paper industry to value its waste, particularly in the field of paper mill sludge disposal and recovering. The increasing demand for a more sustainable absorbent and for an appropriate treatment of papermill sludge within papermills, has led the project’s partners to develop an innovative physical separating process in order to convert the paper mill sludge into an efficient absorbent material.