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Rwanda plastic bag ban

In response to the growing problem of plastic pollution, the government of Rwanda introduced a ban on plastic bags in 2008. The law prohibits all manufacturing, use, importing and selling of non-biodegradable bags in the country. Plastic bag manufacturers were encouraged to change their business model to recycling by providing incentives, and a new industry emerged producing environmentally friendly, reusable bags. 

Thailand National Energy Efficiency Programme

The government of Thailand has embraced energy conservation as a cost effective way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the country, while also strengthening energy security. A complementary set of policies have been implemented, setting standards for industry and incentivising energy efficient projects across society. Financed through a sales tax on petroleum products, the programme has been a great success, significantly reducing peak demand in the country.

Replacement of incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent lights in Ghana

By setting regulatory requirements, Ghana was able to successfully phase out inefficient incandescent bulbs, saving 6% of the country’s energy demand. A widespread transition to the responsible purchasing of better Compact Fluorescent Lights was achieved through regulation and standards, complemented by other measures including providing incentives to consumers, and certifying and labelling bulbs.

PROSOL: Financing Solar Water Heating in Tunisia

The PROSOL programme stimulated the market for solar thermal heaters in Tunisia, where 270,000 new systems were installed between 2005 and 2015. The programme enabled consumers to purchase solar water heaters with minimal upfront costs by providing investment subsidies on a loan with a duration of 5 years. The programme worked with banks to reduce their risk by having the electricity utility acting as a debt collector, helping to increase the supply of finance available for the systems.

National Biogas Programme of Ethiopia

In order to provide a cleaner and safer source of energy for rural communities, a national programme was initiated to develop a domestic biogas sector in Ethiopia. By supporting private demand and human resources capacity building, the programme helped stimulate a market whereby end-users were supported to buy biogas plants from private suppliers. Over 13,000 smallholder farming families took the opportunity to install biogas digester plants.

Tax breaks for green investments in Cambodia

To incentivise private investment in sustainable projects, the Royal Government of Cambodia introduced a tax holiday on green investments. Projects that can prove to have zero negative environmental and social impacts are labelled ‘Qualified Investment Projects’ and are investors are exempted from all tax on profit.

Microfinance for Solar Home Systems

The Bangladesh Solar Homes Programme aimed to expand energy access in the country, in line with the UN’s Millennium Development Goals. The country has a great number of homes which are not connected to the grid, and decentralised energy solutions were seen as a good way to electrify rural areas. The programme was providing demand subsidies and concessional microloans, making solar energy installations affordable for households. As a result of the programme, Bangladesh has the fastest growing off-grid solar PV home system program in the world.

Live Green Toronto

The Live Green Toronto initiative helps neighbourhoods and citizens reduce their climate change impacts at the local level by promoting sustainable practices. As well as providing support (advise/consultancy) and informing about available grants, it organises engagement events aimed at raising consumer awareness. Citizens can also benefit from a scheme offering discounts on green products and services in the city, promoting sustainable consumption.

Massachusetts Green Bond

The Green Bond of Massachusetts, USA, sought to support clean and drinking water projects, energy efficiency in state buildings and open space and land remediation. Green Bonds are fixed-income securities, designed to raise capital for sustainability projects. They build upon the well-developed Municipal Bonds in the US, which are issued by states, cities and counties to fund investments in public infrastructure and capital intensive projects. In the case of Green Bonds, the proceeds are diverted towards green investments.

Rural Energy Development Programme

The Rural Energy Development Programme of Nepal has introduced renewable energy services to isolated, rural communities in some of the most remote parts of the country. The Programme has been providing demand subsidies for the building of micro-hydropower installations, as well as installation of modern cooking stoves, in order to improve economic performance, health and quality of life. The initiative, driven by the central government, has been providing incentives for hydropower with budget subsidies, tax exemptions, and other financial instruments for supporting private demand, encouraging co-financing from donors, local governments, and communities.

Eco Óleo programme: Recycling waste cooking oil

In Brazil, setting up a public-private partnership has solved the problem of pollution deriving from the improper disposal of cooking oil, instead finding a way for it to be collected and recycled. By raising awareness and creating an infrastructure for oil collection, the Eco-Oil programme has transformed the habits of local businesses and society and contributed to waste reduction, with over 20,000 litres of cooking oil collected each month and sold to a local biodiesel power plant. 

The Carbon Farming Initiative

The Carbon Farming Initiative (CFI) of Australia was a voluntary low carbon scheme that provided financial incentives to farmers and landholders for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Farmers could earn carbon credits through activities such as reducing livestock emissions, increasing efficiency of fertiliser use, enhancing carbon in agricultural soil and storing carbon through revegetation and reforestation. The credits could then be sold to businesses and individuals looking to offset their emissions, providing incentives for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The CFI operated from 2011 to 2014, when it was integrated with the Emissions Reduction Fund.

Returpack ‘Reverse Vending Machine’ incentivises aluminium and plastic recycling

To simplify and incentivise aluminium and plastics recycling in Hungary, recycling company Returpack devised a ‘Reverse Vending Machine’. The standalone machine, which is placed in public places, offers incentive vouchers to citizens in return for their cans and bottles. 

CombinES: Maximising public finance impact in energy efficiency projects

The CombinES project developed a financing mechanism which utilises both public and private funding sources to increase the impact of funding for energy efficiency measures in buildings. By integrating both thermal envelope and technological measures into a comprehensive renovation plan, the model can also maximise the potential energy savings in a given project. 

The 4BIOMASS Transnational Action Plan for Bioenergy in Central Europe

Seven energy agencies collaborated in order to advise policy-makers on how an integrated and transnationally co-ordinated bioenergy policy should be designed. Through research, knowledge exchange and stakeholder consultations the 4BIOMASS project produced the ‘Transnational Action Plan for Central Europe’, which quickly inspired regulatory changes in participating countries. 

 

Framework Act on Low Carbon and Green Growth in South Korea

The government of South Korea views green technology and green industry as the engine to promote economic growth and create employment opportunity. The "Framework Act on Low Carbon, Green Growth" was announced in January 2010 for clarifying the relevant official organization and the green growth responsibility and characters in industries.

Green growth triggered by Environmental Science and Technology Parks in Taiwan

To sustain its industrial growth and in line with the environmental trend of the world, Taiwan has been actively constructing and integrating Environmental Science and Technology Parks (ESTPs), expected to trigger the growth of green industry, initiate a recycle-based society and develop a globe-oriented environmental market. 

Green Credit guidelines in China

The Chinese government-led Green Credit initiative, is part of the country’s sustainable finance package. Via policies and management measures, the initiative essentially restricts bank loans to projects that are harmful for the environment and increases loans to projects that benefit the environment.

Innovation in public procurements -funding scheme of Tekes in Finland

In Finland, the public sector annually spends approximately €27 million on public procurement. By utilising innovation, the public sector can produce cheaper and better services for its citizens.

Aided by fresh solutions, the public sector can satisfy the demands of future generations. In order to support procurement of innovation, Tekes is providing incentives for preparing an innovative procurement.

Reward/Penalty scheme to promote low environmental impact cars

Since December 2007, France has started a reward/penalty scheme to encourage a behavioural shift towards sustainable transport. The scheme is designed to adjust the price of cars according to fuel consumption and as such the associated CO2 emissions.

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