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Recycling waste tyres in South Africa

In South Africa, the recycling rate for vehicle tyres increased from 4% to 60% in the space of 3 years after the implementation of a new waste management plan. A new circular economy strategy was developed, whereby used tyres were collected from dealers, brought to dedicated depots, and then transported to processing plants for recycling. All activities were funded by introducing a tax instrument that placed a levy on all new tyres.

Thailand National Energy Efficiency Programme

The government of Thailand has embraced energy conservation as a cost effective way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the country, while also strengthening energy security. A complementary set of policies have been implemented, setting standards for industry and incentivising energy efficient projects across society. Financed through a sales tax on petroleum products, the programme has been a great success, significantly reducing peak demand in the country.

Replacement of incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent lights in Ghana

By setting regulatory requirements, Ghana was able to successfully phase out inefficient incandescent bulbs, saving 6% of the country’s energy demand. A widespread transition to the responsible purchasing of better Compact Fluorescent Lights was achieved through regulation and standards, complemented by other measures including providing incentives to consumers, and certifying and labelling bulbs.

Tax breaks for green investments in Cambodia

To incentivise private investment in sustainable projects, the Royal Government of Cambodia introduced a tax holiday on green investments. Projects that can prove to have zero negative environmental and social impacts are labelled ‘Qualified Investment Projects’ and are investors are exempted from all tax on profit.

Reward/Penalty scheme to promote low environmental impact cars

Since December 2007, France has started a reward/penalty scheme to encourage a behavioural shift towards sustainable transport. The scheme is designed to adjust the price of cars according to fuel consumption and as such the associated CO2 emissions.

Landfill taxes – Dedicated green taxes to reduce waste sent to landfill

Landfill taxes are already widely spread fiscal measures across Europe. They help reduce the amount of waste sent to landfill and mitigate harmful environmental effects. Additionally, landfill taxes provide incentives to use more sustainable solutions of waste management, such as waste reduction and prevention, recovery or recycling. The instrument can bring about large tax revenues and lead to a significant decrease in the number of landfill sites a country has – for instance in the UK by two thirds in eight years.