Development of a software package that promises the optimisation of waste collection

Using ezWaste, coupled with RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) tags and GPS (Global Positioning System) technology, municipalities and waste management companies can identify the most efficient waste collection routes, ensuring that waste is sorted in a more systematic way, allowing one to trace waste loads from when they are collected to when they are recycled or disposed of, and allows for better overall control of the waste disposal process. 

Landfill taxes – Dedicated green taxes to reduce waste sent to landfill

Landfill taxes are already widely spread fiscal measures across Europe. They help reduce the amount of waste sent to landfill and mitigate harmful environmental effects. Additionally, landfill taxes provide incentives to use more sustainable solutions of waste management, such as waste reduction and prevention, recovery or recycling. The instrument can bring about large tax revenues and lead to a significant decrease in the number of landfill sites a country has – for instance in the UK by two thirds in eight years.

Generation of electricity by the movement of people and vehicles on a designed pavement surface

Waydip is a start-up firm based in Portugal which is engaged in technological research and development to improve energy efficiency in transport. The company has developed a system that can be implemented on pavements to capture the kinetic energy produced by people and vehicle movement, and transform it into electrical energy.