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Recycling waste tyres in South Africa

In South Africa, the recycling rate for vehicle tyres increased from 4% to 60% in the space of 3 years after the implementation of a new waste management plan. A new circular economy strategy was developed, whereby used tyres were collected from dealers, brought to dedicated depots, and then transported to processing plants for recycling. All activities were funded by introducing a tax instrument that placed a levy on all new tyres.

Eco Óleo programme: Recycling waste cooking oil

In Brazil, setting up a public-private partnership has solved the problem of pollution deriving from the improper disposal of cooking oil, instead finding a way for it to be collected and recycled. By raising awareness and creating an infrastructure for oil collection, the Eco-Oil programme has transformed the habits of local businesses and society and contributed to waste reduction, with over 20,000 litres of cooking oil collected each month and sold to a local biodiesel power plant. 

Underground waste transportation system for residual waste, paper and food waste

The high-tech waste sorting and transportation system in Hammarby Sjöstad eco-city in Sweden reduces the need for waste trucks to enter the city while increasing the efficiency of waste separating. An innovative vacuum suction system transports waste fractions to the city perimeter via a series of underground tunnels. 

Returpack ‘Reverse Vending Machine’ incentivises aluminium and plastic recycling

To simplify and incentivise aluminium and plastics recycling in Hungary, recycling company Returpack devised a ‘Reverse Vending Machine’. The standalone machine, which is placed in public places, offers incentive vouchers to citizens in return for their cans and bottles. 

Bulky Bob’s: a better way to manage bulky waste

By contracting Bulky Bob’s, a social enterprise, municipalities in the United Kingdom have drastically reduced the amount of household waste going to landfill. Bulky Bob’s provides a dedicated collection service for large items, such as furniture and white goods, after which it finds the best solution to either reuse or recycle these items. As a result up to 65% of this waste is diverted from landfill.

Trash Per-bag Fee Collection Policy

The annual disposal fee necessary for waste management in Taiwan is roughly 95 million Euro. To decrease these costs and solve the related environmental problem, the Taipei City Government has adopted a "Trash Per-bag Fee Collection Policy" in July 2000, targeting strong waste reduction through the charging of trash collection fees per volume of waste.

Development of a software package that promises the optimisation of waste collection

Using ezWaste, coupled with RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) tags and GPS (Global Positioning System) technology, municipalities and waste management companies can identify the most efficient waste collection routes, ensuring that waste is sorted in a more systematic way, allowing one to trace waste loads from when they are collected to when they are recycled or disposed of, and allows for better overall control of the waste disposal process. 

Waste reduction, recycling and re-use of domestic appliances

EEESafe based in Swansea, Wales (United Kingdom) aims to establish a certification scheme for appliance engineers and EEESafe Centres. People wishing to donate their reusable appliances can notify their nearest EEESafe Centre by phone or online, and the centre will arrange for the collecting of the device. Once collected, appliances can be repaired and resold, or used for spare parts. Appliances that are beyond repair might contain valuable raw materials such as copper and gold that can be extracted.

Ultra Low dust: small-scale biomass combustion technologies with ultra-low emissions

An ensemble of three innovative technologies covering the whole range of residential biomass heating appliances defines a new State of the art regarding ultra-low emission biomass combusting systems. These technologies are: ultra-low emission pellet and woodchip boilers; new stove technology based on optimised air staging and on automated control system; new electrostatic precipitator system (ESP) for old stoves and boilers.

Lightweight ferry increases resource efficiency

In a Danish-Swedish project, a ferry has been designed using lightweight materials, and compared with a steel ferry. The purpose was to demonstrate that fuel consumption could be reduced, when compared to traditional steel ferries. Results were positive, indicating that the new ferry's fuel consumption could be halved.

Providing consumers with an incentive for collecting and recycling old clothes

Being the leading retailer of clothing, household products and food in the United Kingdom, Marks & Spencer (M&S) started the initiative ‘shwopping’ (swap + shopping) to promote the recycling and reuse of clothes, while also reducing the amount of waste sent to landfill. Consumers receive a voucher for a discount of £5 upon returning a bag full of old clothes to their local M&S or Oxfam store. Oxfam can then reuse these clothes either by, directly reselling them, reprocessing them into restyled garments or selling them in bulk for secondary uses.

Creation of useful products from waste textile materials in collaboration with corporations and textile designers

Worn Again is a textile upcycling start-up, which works with corporations to develop innovative ways for recycling textile waste and creating new valuable products from the recycled material.

Global Alliance of Waste Pickers

The Global Alliance of Waste Pickers supports thousands of waste picker organisations covering mainly Latin America, Asia and Africa.[1] Its goals are raising awareness and providing support in an area which is often forgotten in resources discussions: municipal solid waste treatment in poorer countries.

FIEMSER

Among the challenges related to matching the global increasing energy demand, there are resource deficiency and emissions of greenhouse gases. Two common responses to meet these challenges consist of introducing measures to decrease the energy consumption or choosing more sustainable energy sources. This dual approach can be found in the project FIEMSER (Friendly Intelligent Energy Management System for Existing Residential Buildings), where the development of a ground-breaking energy management system for buildings (BEMS) is currently taking place. The project is funded under the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Commission (FP7), a grant funding programme, running for three years and coming to an end in 2013. 

TyGRE

In recent years, the quantity of Solid Waste collecting has increased significantly in the EU and other industrialized countries. The problem of managing waste strongly affects not only the environment protection but also resource savings. The storing of waste tyres represents a problem within the waste management strategy of the European Community: the world production amounts to 7 million tons (according to the European Tyre Recycling Association, Report 2008), of which 3 million are generated in Europe which corresponds to 2% of the total solid waste production. Even today the final destination of nearly 23% of such an amount is the landfill, with the consequent loss of high added value materials and the adverse environmental impact.

Be Aware | Energy Life

Several research studies have strongly suggested that people are willing and capable of adapting their behaviour in an energy-saving direction if given the necessary feedback, support, and incentives. The project BeAware aims to foster and inspire the creation of new products and services turning householders into active players in energy and raising energy awareness. 

ESPREME

ESPREME project focuses on a data analysing approach for the primary heavy metals: mercury, cadmium, chrome, nickel, arsenic, and lead. The main objective of the research is to carry out cost-effectiveness (CEA) and cost-benefit analyses (CBA) for reducing the heavy metals occurrence in the EU Member States and candidate countries, also including a damage assessment of the environment and human health in the long term, and thresholds.  It is also important to identify which policies will result in the most cost-effective reduction of the occurrences of heavy metals in the environment;

SOILSERVICE

It is assumed that a European bio-based economy is likely to affect the sustainability of soils. Demands for agricultural food production and land conservation are competing against a greater production of biofuels due to the increasing demand for sustainable solutions and a green economy. In the meantime, maintaining soil biodiversity and managing the sustainable delivery of ecosystem goods and services has somewhat been disregarded.

ENVIROGRIDS

ENVIROGRIDS aims at collecting and gathering spread data concerning the Black Sea catchment area as well as building a network of information and observation systems to address environmental and societal benefit aspects within a changing climate, demographic and land use framework.

SWITCH

The Sustainable Water Management Improves Tomorrow Cities Health (SWITCH) is a project carried out between 2006 and 2011 to explore cities’needs for managing water in a greener way within the urban environment. To this end, a consortium of 35 partners from 15 countries analysed the key sustainability challenges in urban water management. The project was coordinated by the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education; Core group Pollution Prevention and Resource Recovery (Netherlands), and was funded under the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6).

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