Green Deal for Circular Procurement in the Netherlands

To stimulate the circular economy in the Netherlands, the government launched a Green Deal for Circular Procurement in 2013. The programme encourages and supports businesses, civil society organisations and public bodies to enter new partnerships and purchasing arrangements inspired by circular principles. The programme includes a public-private learning network where organisation signed up to the deal learn about sustainable procurement and exchange best practices.

SEPARATE: Quality products from waste through efficient waste separation

The SEPARATE Waste System integrates innovative technologies that enable the highly efficient separation of waste, overcoming a significant barrier to increasing bio-waste recycling. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), separately collected bio-waste and mono-streams can all be efficiently separated into a non-organic rest fraction and a very clean organic fraction, from which a number of high-quality products can be obtained.

The Repair Café Foundation: Inspiring repair and re-use in communities to reduce waste

The first Repair Café, set up in 2009, aimed at promoting sustainable practices by raising awareness about reuse and repair. It provided a free space for citizens to try and fix their broken products, with the help from expert volunteers. This waste reduction initiative has since been replicated all over the world, resulting in a global network of Repair Cafés. 

Sittard-Geleen Biomass Boiler Public-Private Partnership

By setting up a public-private partnership with a local entrepreneur, the Municipality of Sittard-Geleen (Netherlands) was able to install a Biomass Boiler plant, which provides renewable heating and electricity to over 1000 homes. As well as being a cost effective way of contributing to the region’s sustainable aspirations, the partnership unlocked a number of synergies and efficiencies.

Eco-innovation achieved through advanced policy and procurement mechanisms

The Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment, ‘Rijkswaterstaat’ (RWS), designed a life-cycle analysis (LCA) software tool which would assist them to carry out a LCA of building and renovation solutions. The tool enables designers to calculate the environmental costs of various designs and arrive at an optimal sustainable solution.

From Start to Start: the Dutch ‘Circle Economy’ Platform

The Netherlands has recently introduced ‘Circle Economy’, an open member platform striving towards a circular economy and providing targeted support to organisations. The non-for-profit platform is also involved in a new cooperative programme initiated by the Dutch Government, opting for a “Realisation of Acceleration towards a Circular Economy (RACE)”. 

Landfill taxes – Dedicated green taxes to reduce waste sent to landfill

Landfill taxes are already widely spread fiscal measures across Europe. They help reduce the amount of waste sent to landfill and mitigate harmful environmental effects. Additionally, landfill taxes provide incentives to use more sustainable solutions of waste management, such as waste reduction and prevention, recovery or recycling. The instrument can bring about large tax revenues and lead to a significant decrease in the number of landfill sites a country has – for instance in the UK by two thirds in eight years.

CAPWA - CAPture WAter – A new source of water

The CAPWA project has developed a novel water capture technology capable of extracting water molecules from water containing gas streams emitted from fossil fuel power plants or papermaking plants.

Implementing cradle-to-cradle concepts to create products with the right purity that can be recycled at high levels.

Desso is a manufacturing company of high quality carpet tiles and broadloom carpets in the Netherlands. The company has set the goal of becoming the world leader in the production of environmentally friendly flooring. Its products are characterized by their unique design, functionality and health benefits.

Advanced sorting techniques for construction and demolition waste

The combination of near infrared detector, electromagnetic sensor and visible colour camera techniques allows to sort construction and demolition (C&D) waste with a level of purity that enables their recycling into high grade products.

Making organic growers’ sustainability efforts visible to consumers through online tracking system

Eosta both manages and supplies sustainably grown organic food products in the Netherlands. Established 22 years ago, Eosta created an innovative marketing system to promote organic food markets in the country. The projects’ success is due to its sustainability flower model, designed to evaluate and communicate the achievements of organic growers.   

Cradle to Cradle (C2C) – the Dutch Region of Venlo towards a circular economy

Referred to as a global capital of Cradle to Cradle (C2C), the Dutch city of Venlo is the first municipality in the world to have fully adopted the principle of C2C on a regional scale. Engaging citizens, businesses and local authorities, the region is transforming into an innovative platform employing reverse logistics for a new circular economy with safe and healthy products. 

HighNoon | Indicator framework tool

In the Himalayan region, several countries and their hydrological system are affected by climate change. Northern India is one of the regions that rely on the summer monsoon and glacier snow melt for their water resources. Climate change triggers the retreat of Himalayan glaciers and possible changes of the Indian monsoon, thereby impacting the distribution of water. Hence, northern India needs damage-reducing techniques to adapt to the effects of climate change on its hydrological system.


It is now well established that climate change will deeply affect both ecosystems and hydrological systems, especially in the Himalayan region. Overall, snow and ice from the Himalayan glaciers will melt faster than it accumulates and surrounding countries (e.g. India) will be impacted socially, economically and ecologically. Climate change is expected to have both short and long term effects on the hydrological system. In the short term, discharge of mountain rivers is projected to increase due to the additional melting of snow and glaciers of the Himalayas. In the long term, with glaciers  declining, there will be a reduced amount of water flowing into rivers. Runoff variability will increase and reflect precipitation variability. Northern Indiais highly dependent on summer monsoons and glacier snowmelt for its water resources. This region needs damage-reducing techniques such as efficient and relevant adaptation measures and response strategies in order to cope with the changing patterns of water resources availability.


Many countries around the world are being increasingly affected by droughts, leading to extensive damage to livelihoods, environment and economy. Managing drought risk in an effective way could be useful for reducing such impacts, but this should be carried out not only by developing suitable technologies and models, but also by training people prepared for droughts.


LUPIS (Land Use Policies and Sustainable Development in Developing countries) aimed to make use of modelling tools and qualitative approaches to perform ex-ante impact assessments of land use policies in seven developing countries.


Construction and demolition waste (C&DW) are often used as road foundation material as recycling into new building products requires materials of high and consistent quality. For instance, end of life (EoL) concrete from C&DW can be used for making new concrete provided that clean aggregates are produced using advanced processes to separate them into pure fractions. This requires a sophisticated method to classify the particles of different sizes correctly. At present, there are a few techniques available for concrete recycling, but being very energy intensive they cannot be considered as damage-reducing techniques or competitive in economic and environmental terms.


The Sustainable Water Management Improves Tomorrow Cities Health (SWITCH) is a project carried out between 2006 and 2011 to explore cities’needs for managing water in a greener way within the urban environment. To this end, a consortium of 35 partners from 15 countries analysed the key sustainability challenges in urban water management. The project was coordinated by the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education; Core group Pollution Prevention and Resource Recovery (Netherlands), and was funded under the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6).


Bitumen is a petroleum-based material used in many applications within the construction sector. The material can for instance be applied as a binding agent in roads or as roofing materials for flat roofs. Despite the present awareness in the use of natural resources, especially of fossil origin, bitumen is not widely recycled yet. In many countries a more common method of getting rid of the material is incineration or landfilling, mostly due to a lack of alternative damage-reducing techniques


The PROspective SUstaInability assessment of TEchnologies project (PROSUITE) aims to design a software tool that is capable of assessing current and future technologies over their life cycle with regard to their environmental, social and economic aspects.

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