Production value chain optimisation for Valmora mineral water

One of the main challenges for Valmora, a mineral water company, was to convert its production chain in order to obtain a more green and eco-friendly process. Through an integrated three-step process, the Italian company was able to makes changes to considerably reduce its waste production and carbon footprint

'EnSURE' Handbook of Energy Efficient Urban Development

To help cities develop their own Sustainable Energy Action Plans, the EnSURE project compiled a ‘Manual of Energy Efficient Urban Development’. Combining the knowledge of project partners from across Central Europe, the manual forms a practical roadmap for policy makers integrating technological, financial and stakeholder engagement measures.

CombinES: Maximising public finance impact in energy efficiency projects

The CombinES project developed a financing mechanism which utilises both public and private funding sources to increase the impact of funding for energy efficiency measures in buildings. By integrating both thermal envelope and technological measures into a comprehensive renovation plan, the model can also maximise the potential energy savings in a given project. 

The 4BIOMASS Transnational Action Plan for Bioenergy in Central Europe

Seven energy agencies collaborated in order to advise policy-makers on how an integrated and transnationally co-ordinated bioenergy policy should be designed. Through research, knowledge exchange and stakeholder consultations the 4BIOMASS project produced the ‘Transnational Action Plan for Central Europe’, which quickly inspired regulatory changes in participating countries. 


DiGeSPO – micro Combined Heat and Power Innovative compact devices for residential and commercial buildings

DiGeSPO has developed a small thermodynamic solar system based on innovative concentrated solar power (CSP) and Stirling engine technologies. The resulting device aims at providing electrical power, heating and cooling for houses as well as residential and commercial buildings. Also, the system will be integrated in an architecturally acceptable manner and with low visual impact.

Landfill taxes – Dedicated green taxes to reduce waste sent to landfill

Landfill taxes are already widely spread fiscal measures across Europe. They help reduce the amount of waste sent to landfill and mitigate harmful environmental effects. Additionally, landfill taxes provide incentives to use more sustainable solutions of waste management, such as waste reduction and prevention, recovery or recycling. The instrument can bring about large tax revenues and lead to a significant decrease in the number of landfill sites a country has – for instance in the UK by two thirds in eight years.

ÖKOPROFIT® - Local public-private-partnerships to boost clean-tech in firms

ÖKOPROFIT® is a cooperative model between local or regional authorities and companies, mostly based in Austria and Germany. It boosts profitability of firms, encouraging them to implement environmental management systems and clean technologies. This investment in eco-efficient technologies reduces firms’ future costs. The “ÖKOPROFIT®-Betrieb” label is awarded to businesses that have undergone training and successfully introduced new practices and technologies. 

Implementation of Cradle-to-Cradle (C2C) techniques in designing luxury items.

Founded in 1913, Prada is a fashion label in luxury goods for men and women in Italy. The company implements innovative design solutions based on C2C methods for some of its fashion ranges. Prada’s leather accessories, bags and luxury eyewear products are examples of C2C production. 


In recent years, the quantity of Solid Waste collecting has increased significantly in the EU and other industrialized countries. The problem of managing waste strongly affects not only the environment protection but also resource savings. The storing of waste tyres represents a problem within the waste management strategy of the European Community: the world production amounts to 7 million tons (according to the European Tyre Recycling Association, Report 2008), of which 3 million are generated in Europe which corresponds to 2% of the total solid waste production. Even today the final destination of nearly 23% of such an amount is the landfill, with the consequent loss of high added value materials and the adverse environmental impact.


Following the growing awareness of the environmental impacts from plastic waste, the European Union has introduced a number of initiatives with measures aiming at reducing these negative effects. Among these are the Landfill Directive, the Waste Framework Directive and the Ecodesign Directive. There are also other political initiatives that have influenced the managing of plastic waste, from incinerating the plastic material or sending it to landfills towards recycling


Establishing incentives and disincentives constitute a conventional way for achieving policy objectives. Thus, their use has been demonstrated to be highly effective for managing environmental issues, such as climate change or air quality. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of conventional Economic Policy Instruments (EPI)-water tariffs, environmental taxes, etc.- for a sustainable water cycle achievement is somehow questionable. 


Africa is severally affected by the consequences of climate change: floods and droughts are being more and more frequent due to global warming. However,
climate change monitoring has been poorly developed in Africa. The effect of African changes on global climate change is not known, nor is the influence of African processes for GHG source and depletion on the global carbon cycle. In addition, in the context of the Kyoto Protocol the ignorance about the composition of the total African gas emissions (gas budget) prevents from quantifying the potential carbon sequestration in Sub-Saharan Africa.


The SLAG-REC project aims to develop an innovative device for recovering electric arc furnace (EAF) slag, a waste generated by Steel Shops, transforming this by-product in a valuable material for road construction and other applications.


Biological processes offer the cheapest way to treat industrial wastewater in order to obtain a sustainable water cycle achievement. However, complex industrial wastewater can contain pollutants that are not easily broken down, increasing the cost of the treatment process.


The Hydrometeorological data resources and technologies for effective flash flood forecasting project (HYDRATE), which was funded under the Sixth Framework Programme of the European Commission (FP 6), aimed to develop damage-reducing techniques towards flash floods to ensure public safety and improve quality of life. 


The CLimate change and Urban Vulnerability in Africa project (CLUVA) aims to develop methodologies to support African urban areas to handle climate change threats.


RECONDES (REC) is a research programme based on the landscape connectivity concept and the development of a  strategic spatial approach to soil erosion control. It has addressed the mitigation of desertification processes using innovative vegetation techniques in specific landscape configurations that are prone to severe degradations. The target problematic areas selected in this project are Murcia (Spain) and Tuscany (Italy) as representative of vulnerable dryland zones in the Mediterranean region.
Soil sealing mitigation solutions have been developed.


In 2010, 10.4 million tonnes of plastic waste were put on landfills in EU member states, but there were only a few damage-reducing techniques available to decrease this quantity. Recycling of plastics is one way of altering the material flow and an important element in municipal solid waste treatment, also applicable to waste from industry, craftsmen or commercial actors. After collecting and sorting the plastic waste, separating and recycling the different types of plastic will typically result in the production of new plastic products. 


The “Innovative coastal technologies for safer European coasts in a changing climate” (THESEUS) is a large-scale project that aims to deliver both coastal defence methodologies and technologies for protecting human activities on shores as well as for establishing healthy habitats.