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Landfill taxes – Dedicated green taxes to reduce waste sent to landfill

Landfill taxes are already widely spread fiscal measures across Europe. They help reduce the amount of waste sent to landfill and mitigate harmful environmental effects. Additionally, landfill taxes provide incentives to use more sustainable solutions of waste management, such as waste reduction and prevention, recovery or recycling. The instrument can bring about large tax revenues and lead to a significant decrease in the number of landfill sites a country has – for instance in the UK by two thirds in eight years.

Locally run food cooperatives and outlets to encourage consumption of locally grown food by the communities.

Community food co-operatives are up and running in countries such as the United States, the United KingdomSwitzerland and Germany with the goal of sourcing good quality, fresh, seasonal fruit and vegetables, as well as meat and fish products, locally for the members of the community food co-op. Products sold through food co-ops come from local sourcing.

ENVIROGRIDS

ENVIROGRIDS aims at collecting and gathering spread data concerning the Black Sea catchment area as well as building a network of information and observation systems to address environmental and societal benefit aspects within a changing climate, demographic and land use framework.